They were defrosting leopard seal poo...you won't believe what happened next!

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For more than a year a frozen slab of leopard seal poo sat in a NIWA freezer.

The poo, known scientifically as scat and about the size of two bread rolls, is as good as gold for leopard seal researchers. It can tell them what these Antarctic predators eat, a little bit about their health and how long they may have been in New Zealand waters.

It’s so valuable to scientific research that NIWA marine biologist Dr Krista Hupman and the team at LeopardSeals.org run a network of volunteer scat collectors up and down the country who gather the evidence and send it to her for analysis.

That’s why a local vet, out checking on the health of a skinny leopard seal resting on Oreti Beach, Invercargill, picked up a scat sample, packaged it up and sent it to Dr Hupman who popped it in the freezer.
 
That was November, 2017. And there it stayed until three weeks ago when it was removed by volunteers Jodie Warren and Melanie Magnan.
 
Theirs is not glamorous work.
 
 First they must defrost the sample. “Then we basically have to sift it. You put it under the cold tap, get all the gross stuff off, smoosh it around a bit and separate the bones, feathers, seaweed and other stuff,” explains Jodie.

The unexpected discovery 

This was all happening when they discovered something large and hard. Concealed deep inside the scat was a USB stick.  Jodie was not impressed.
 
“It is very worrying that these amazing Antarctic animals have plastic like this inside them.”
 
But the memory stick was in reasonably good condition considering where it had come from. So they left it to dry out for the next couple of weeks in the hope they may be able to see what information it contained.
 
And, ironically, there are photos of sealions at Porpoise Bay in the Caitlins and a video of a mum and baby sealion frolicking in the shallows, the only clue to who might have taken them is the nose of a blue kayak.

This photo of a sealion on a Southland beach was found on a USB stick swallowed by a leopard seal. Credit: unknown


 
If they’re yours and you want the USB stick back, it comes with a price. The leopard seal researchers would like some more leopard seal scat please.
 
“The more we can find out about these creatures, the more we can ensure they are looked after.”
 
There is information at www.leopardseals.org  on what the scat looks like (thick puddles in varying colours), how to collect it (gloves and an ice cream container!), and how to say safe (keep at least 20m away from the animals).
 
Dr Hupman’s work also includes analysing leopard seal sightings in a bid to determine whether they are becoming more prevalent in New Zealand waters.
 
For more information on leopard seals and how to report a sighting see www.leopardseals.org

 
 
 
 
 

Contact

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Cetacean Biologist/Ecologist
Research subject: Marine Mammals